Gambir anom dance is a classical dance originating from the Surakarta area, Central Java and has existed since the days of the Islamic Mataram Kingdom.
Although various regional arts can now be said to have been eroded by the development of an increasingly sophisticated era. However, the attractiveness and uniqueness of traditional dance art is still in great demand by certain circles of society in Indonesia.
For example, the traditional dance that we will discuss next time, namely Gambir Anom.
Each region in Indonesia certainly has its own characteristics and uniqueness in the field of customs. Both in terms of characteristics, artistic and historical values, or the philosophical meaning contained in it.
Likewise, the Gambir Anom dance depicts the character Irawan, who is the son of a puppet character, falling in love with a woman. So that you are not curious, just look at the explanation below.
History of Gambir Anom Dance
The historical record of the Gambir Anom dance is still not much clear data from historians and artists. However, traditional dance art is believed to have existed during the time of the Surakarta Sunanate and the Sultanate of Yogyakarta.
At that time, gambir anom became one of the dance arts that was widely displayed in the palace environment as a dance to welcome the great guests.
Gambir anom dance from Central Java depicts Irawan who is the son of the puppet character Arjuna. In addition, this dance will usually be performed by male dancers, because it cannot be separated from the story contained in every movement.
Although at first this dance was performed by male dancers singly, but during its development, this dance was often performed by female dancers.
This is due to the increasingly rapid development of modernization, so it is rare for young people to have the will to preserve this dance.
Apart from being used as a means of entertainment, this classical gambir anom dance also provides a message for youth about romance in adolescence. In addition, the Gambir Anom dance is a dance that has existed since the days of the Islamic Mataram Kingdom.
Gambir Anom’s Variety of Dance Movements
In describing the theme of the story raised in this dance, there are various unique and distinctive symbolic movements.
You can see the unique movement characteristics in this dance very clearly. Where in addition to displaying graceful movements, this dance also provides mime movements.
The mime movements that are usually performed in this dance are mirroring, confusion, and others as a description of the state of a teenager who is in love.
The Gambir Anom dance, which comes from Central Java, will usually be performed with approximately 7 dancers. Meanwhile, the various movements in the Gambir Anom dance are as follows:
The movement of the dancer with the position of the right foot is occupied, while the left foot is opened shoulder width apart with the body upright.
A gesture that describes the delivery of greetings to people or guests who witness.
The body movement of the Gambir Anom dancer is tilted to the right or left side, while both knees are slightly bent.
The movement of this anom gambier is stomping the body down many times.
Menthang is a dancer’s movement that straightens the arms to the side.
Penggel is a movement against the base of the wrist.
The hand movements of the gambir dancers are in a position where the tip of the middle finger coincides with the tip of the thumb in a circle.
• Jamang Traps
Jamang trap is a movement where one finger is in a nyekithing position next to the ear, while the other finger is in a tight position in front of the forehead.
It is the movement of the gambir anom dancer who moves his fingers above his head.
The ukel movement is turning the wrist.
This movement is in the form of positioning one hand next to the ear with the fingers facing downwards, while the thumb facing up.
• Seblak Sampur
It is the hand movement of the gambir dancer holding the base of the sampur cloth from the inside, then sorting it up to the end of the sampur while straightening it to the side parallel to the stomach.
Is a stomping movement sampur inwards so that it is wrapped around the arm.
It is a stomping movement of the sampur from the kebyok position outwards.
Gambir dancer movements that stomping the soles of the feet supported by the heels.
It is a movement of gambir dancers who drop their toes backwards.
It is the attitude of the moment to step.
It is a left and right movement by simply sliding the soles of the feet alternately between the toe and heel.
Is a small running movement on tiptoe.
Movement with the dancer standing with the right leg tilted to the right in front of the left foot.
It is a left and right movement with the feet in an uphill position, the knees bent, and the soles of the feet on tiptoe.
It is a standing posture with both knees bent in line with the soles of the feet.
It is a movement of gambir dancers with the legs as if people are walking.
• Telugu Practices
It is a foot movement like lumaksono, but performed in three steps.
• Udal Rikma
Is a movement like a person combing hair.
It is the movement of the gambir anom dancer who pulls the right leg, which is initially shoulder-width apart, becomes oblique to the right parallel to the left leg.
• Kawilang Ogek Stomach
Is the movement of the stomach to the right and left.
It is a movement like lumaksono but in a circular direction.
It is a movement where the elbow is bent with the wrist facing the body.
It is the position of the thumb of the gambier anom dancer’s hand to meet the tip of the index finger.
Is a waving hand movement like people walking.
• Ukel Karno
It is a twisting motion of the wrist next to the ear.
• Ukel Fern
It is the movement of the gambir anom dancer who rotates the wrist in front of the stomach.
When this dance is performed in a tribute ceremony, there are times when the dancer will drape the sampur cloth on the great guest. This shows that the dancer is inviting the guest of honor to dance together.
Gambir Anom Dance Property, Central Java
Based on the background story that is raised in this dance, the property of the Gambir Anom dance is still related to the nuances of wayang. The various properties used by the dancers are quite unique, namely in the form of a puppet character costume plus a sampur cloth as a property.
In addition, when this dance is performed, it will use musical accompaniment in the form of Javanese Gamelan typical of the Yogyakarta area.
Gambir Anom Dance Floor Pattern
Of course, many are wondering about the floor pattern used in the Gambir Anom dance, isn’t that right?
Gambir anom dance is one of the solo dances originating from Central Java, with a man as a dancer by moving in place, changing places, and so on.
Therefore, if referring to the explanation above, it can be concluded that the floor pattern used in this dance is a straight or curved floor pattern.
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